The Croatian islands are especially famous for their beaches, which are well-known throughout Europe. Veliki Brijun Island is the largest of the Brijuni Islands. It lies 2 km from the Croatian coastline and just south of the second largest island in the archipelago, known as Mali Brijun. This has been a Croatian National Park since 1983, boasting a rich fauna of exotic plants, including many mangroves. Rab is the island furthest north of Dalmatia, full of beaches and particularly popular with tourists due to its historical town centre. Krk is the largest island in Croatia, situated a short distance from the city of Rijeka. Thanks to its mild climate, there are vines and olive trees which produce oil and wine of excellent quality.